Pain is a complex phenomenon, and everyone experiences pain in different ways. All pain is real, as it is a personal experience. Understanding how pain works is vital to overcoming chronic pain symptoms and the biopsychosocial model is an excellent visual for understanding how different factors play a role in our own pain experience.

Biological Factors:

  • Genetics
  • Age
  • Sleep
  • Sex

Psychological Factors:

  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Personality
  • Coping Strategies
  • Negative Attitudes or Fears

Social Factors:

  • Financial Barriers
  • Job Satisfaction
  • Family Support
  • Language Barriers
  • Cultural Norms

All these categories have both modifiable and non-modifiable factors that influence our pain experience. Focusing on altering modifiable factors such as sleep and coping strategies to form more healthy practices can alter pain output.